焼き鳥 (Yakitori; やきとり) is my favorite Japanese food.
The Japanese word yakitori literally means grilled chicken. It resembles barbecue since the cooking style similarly involves skewering the (chicken) meat on stick and grilling it on top of charcoal fire.
Strictly speaking, yakitori is the word specifically use for skewered chicken meat. If we are to refer to all kind of meat including beef and pork which are grilled on a stick, the formal term to use is 串焼き (Kushiyaki; くしやき). Because of the variety of chicken meat cuts and preparation, there are a lot of kinds of yakitori.
Types of yakitori
- もも (momo) – chicken thigh
- ねぎま (negima) – chicken (usually thigh meat) with spring onions
- つくね (tsukune) – meatballs (made of chicken, egg and vegatables)
- とりかわ (torikawa) – or just かわ (kawa) is (crispy) chicken skin
- 手羽先 (tebasaki – chicken wings
- レバー (reba) – chicken liver
- なんこつ (nankotsu) – chicken cartilage
Here is the list of less popular types
- ぼんじり (bonjiri) – chicken tail
- シロ (shiro) – chicken small intestines
- こころ (kokoro) – chicken heart (also hatsu (ハツ) or haato (ハート))
- ずり (zuri) – chicken gizzard (also 砂肝 (sunagimo; すなぎも))
Yakitori are usually served with しお (shio; salt) or 垂れ (tare (たれ); sauce). Since they are on stick, we can eat them directly without the use of chopstick.
4 years in Japan and probably one of the Japanese words I still use the most often when speaking to Japanese people is わかりません (wakarimasen).
There are two easy ways (or phrases) to convey that you don’t know how to answer a question; わかりません (wakarimasen) and しりません (shirimasen). With my limited knowledge of Japanese language, I believe that these are the difference of the two.
Basically, しりません is use when you don’t have the knowledge to answer the question. Translation is literally, I don’t know.
Person A: What is the value of x as it approaches the value zero?
Person B: しりません (I don’t know)
わかりません is use when you can’t understand or you don’t understand the question or what is happening (Translations are I can’t understand or I don’t understand). It can also be use when you don’t actually have a way of knowing the answer (like if it’s really raining tomorrow when the weather app says it’s 30% chance of rain).
Person A: <speaking Japanese I can’t understand>
Rowell: ごめなさい、わかりません (I’m sorry, I don’t understand)
There you have it. I hope things are clear about the difference of the two.
Next time someone ask you a question you can’t answer, I hope you remember this article. 🙂
In work, my colleagues would sometimes request or ask me to help them. And more often than not, when they thank me by saying ありがとうございます (arigatou gozaimasu), I’m not sure what the most appropriate reply is.
So here I compile the list of phrases we can use when responding to thank you:
This is the textbook and safest reply to thank you but sounds robotic for me. It’s the equivalent of saying You’re welcome.
いいえ いいえ (iie iie)
いえいえ (ie ie)
いやいや (iya iya)
Literally saying No no (don’t mention it).
This one might not be good for formal situation and must be accompanied with a smile. 🙂
問題ない (もんだいない; mondainai)
問題なし (もんだいないし; mondainashi)
Translation: No problem.
The し (shi) makes it sound softer (and more polite but I might be wrong).
This one might not be good enough for formal situation too.
こちらこそ、ありがとう (kochira koso arigatou)
Translation: I am the one who should thank you.
Use this one if you also need to give a thank you to the one who said it.
Anyway, that’s all for now. I hope you can use the above phrases next time someone says thank you to you.
— Edit —
As pointed out in the comment, the above phrases are for casual and informal situation. Checkout まいける’s comment for more formal ways to reply for thank you.
I’ve been living here in Japan for almost 4 years now. I know that there are a lot of good reasons to live and stay here for good. These 5 reasons are on the top of my list.
1. No time wasted in traveling.
One of my biggest issue when I was still working in the Philippines is the amount of time wasted because of traffic jam.
Here in Japan, trains are almost never late. Riding trains to get to work and to travel for vacation is very easy and efficient. It can be very crowded during rush hours but it is still tolerable for me than to wait in a non moving vehicle.
2. Japan is a peaceful and safe country
Japan is consistently in the top 10 of most peaceful countries in the world.
3. Fast internet connection.
Japan has good internet speed compared to my home country.
This is very beneficial for me due to the nature of my work. And because I enjoy watching a lot of movie and tv series online.
4. Nice places to visit.
Japan has a lot of tourist destinations.
From Hokkaido to Okinawa, the tourist and adventure spots are very accessible.
5. Better career opportunities.
Not all people will agree with me on this; specially people who already had the chance to work on better countries. But compared to the Philippines, I have a better career in here.